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中國華文教育網
華夏之祖Ancestors of the Chinese Nation
2010年04月19日 17:13

陜西寶雞市炎帝祠


指南車


湖南炎陵縣炎帝陵內的炎帝像(傳說炎帝死后葬于此地)

  中國人常說自己是“炎黃子孫”,這個說法跟傳說中的人物黃帝和炎帝有關。 大約4,000多年以前,中國黃河流域一帶住?許多氏族和部落,其中比較著名的是以黃帝、炎帝為首領的兩大部落。 黃帝和炎帝兩個部落在黃河流域,勢力強大。在東方還生活?一個勢力也很強大的部落叫九黎部落,九黎部落的首領叫蚩尤。相傳,當時的九黎族人已經使用銅造的兵器,打起仗來非常勇猛,常常進攻別的部落。 傳說蚩尤部落為了擴大自己的地盤,同炎帝部落發生了戰爭。炎帝部落戰敗,向黃帝求援。黃帝與炎帝聯合起來大戰蚩尤。這次戰爭發生在涿鹿(zhuolu,今河北省境內)。在戰斗中,忽然天昏地暗,大霧彌漫,連對面的人也看不見。黃帝使用指南車,幫助士兵識別方向,追擊蚩尤,結果蚩尤被捉住殺死。 涿鹿之戰后,黃帝和炎帝兩個部落為了爭奪對其他各部落的領導地位,又發生了沖突,最后黃帝部落取得了勝利。兩個部落進一步結合在一起,其它部落也紛紛加入黃帝部落的聯盟,共同開發中原地區。各部落在語言、習慣、生產、生活等各方面的交流逐漸加強,經過長期的融合和發展,形成了華夏族的主體。 華夏族是漢族的前身,是中華民族的主要組成部分。華夏族把黃帝、炎帝看做自己的祖先,稱自己為“炎黃子孫”。直到今天,漢族人和許多兄弟民族還習慣這么說。

  Ancestors of the Chinese Nation

  Chinese people often refer to themselves as "descendants of Yandi and Huangdi". This refers to the legendary heroes Yandi and Huangdi. Over 4,000 years ago, there lived many clans and tribes in the Yellow River valley, among which the two tribes led by Huangdi and Yandi, respectively, were the most prominent. To the east of the Yellow River valley was the territory of the Jiuli tribe, with Chiyou as its chieftain. It is said that the Jiuli people already had bronze weapons, and were a warlike group. Legend has it that the Jiuli attacked Yandi's tribe. The latter was defeated, and turned to Huangdi for help. Huangdi allied himself with Yandi, and defeated Chiyou at a place called Zhuolu (in today's Hebei Province). During the battle, a dense mist descended, and all was in confusion. However, on his chariot Huangdi had an instrument which constantly pointed south. In this way, he rallied the allied forces. Finally, Chiyou was captured and killed. After the Battle of Zhuolu, conflicts arose between the tribes of Huangdi and Yandi for hegemony of all the tribes. At last, Huangdi prevailed, and ruled over all the tribes of the Central Plains. Eventually, they merged their languages, customs, and production and living habits, to form the Huaxia people. The Huaxia people were the predecessor of the Han people, and the principal part of the Chinese nation. The Huaxia people regarded Huangdi and Yandi as their ancestors, and called themselves "descendants of Yandi and Huangdi".

【來源:中國華文教育網】

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